RSL, MRSL, Reach. What are they and what should I do about them?
Increasing regulations are making it tough for sourcing professionals to make right decisions. This article will help you understand key differences.
RSL, MRSL, and REACH are all guidelines for chemicals that are used in the manufacturing of textiles, and they are important because they help to ensure the safety of the fabrics and the people who use them.
RSL (Restricted Substances List) is a list of chemicals that are restricted or banned in the finished product. RSLs are typically put in place by governments or industry groups to protect consumers from harmful substances. For example, RSLs may prohibit of certain heavy metals, phthalates, or formaldehyde in finished products such as garments.
MRSL (Manufacturing Restricted Substances List) is a similar list, but it is focused on the chemicals that are used in the manufacturing process rather than the final product. MRSLs are designed to reduce the environmental impact of textile production by restricting the use of harmful chemicals.
REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals) is a specific regulation that was implemented by the European Union to ensure the safety of chemicals used in the production of consumer goods. It requires manufacturers to identify and manage the risks associated with the chemicals they use, and to communicate this information to downstream users.
All of these guidelines are important because they help to ensure the safety of the fabrics that we use. They help to reduce the use of harmful chemicals and to promote sustainable textile production. When choosing fabrics, it’s important to look for products that meet these guidelines, as they are an indication that the fabric is safer and more environmentally friendly.
RSL (Restricted Substances List) and MRSL (Manufacturing Restricted Substances List) are not a specific guideline but rather refer to guidelines and standards that have been developed by various organizations and industry groups.
For example, the Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC) group has developed an MRSL that is used by many textile and apparel companies to limit the use of hazardous chemicals in their supply chains. The ZDHC MRSL is updated regularly to reflect changes in regulations and new scientific research.
Similarly, RSLs may be developed by governments or industry groups, and they vary depending on the type of product and the region where it is being sold. For example, the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission has developed an RSL for children’s products, which sets limits on the use of lead, cadmium, and other harmful substances.
It’s important to note that different organizations may have different RSLs and MRSLs, and some companies may have their own internal standards that go beyond these guidelines.