How are Viscose, Modal, and Tencel Fibre Manufactured
Learning about the manufacturing processes of viscose, modal, and tencel fibres can give you key information on their differences and their sustainability impact.
Viscose, Modal, and Tencel are all types of cellulosic fibers that are manufactured through a process called spinning. The process starts with the pulp of various plants, such as trees (for Tencel) or beech trees (for modal), which are then processed into a liquid form. This liquid is then spun into fibers through a process called extrusion, which involves forcing the liquid through a spinneret, a small metal nozzle, and into a chemical bath where it hardens and solidifies. The resulting fibers are then washed, dried, and sometimes subjected to additional processing to improve their properties.
Viscose is a type of rayon, which is a regenerated cellulose fiber. The pulp is processed into a viscous solution, which is then extruded into fibers. Viscose fibers are known for their soft and smooth feel, as well as their absorbency and draping qualities.
Modal is a type of cellulosic fiber that is produced from the pulp of beech trees. The process of manufacturing modal fibers is similar to that of viscose, with the pulp being processed into a viscous solution and then extruded into fibers. Modal fibers are known for their soft and comfortable feel, as well as their resistance to shrinkage and fading.
Tencel is a brand name for lyocell, a type of cellulosic fiber that is produced from the pulp of trees, such as eucalyptus. The process of manufacturing Tencel fibers is similar to that of viscose and modal, with the pulp being processed into a viscous solution and then extruded into fibers. Tencel fibers are known for their softness, strength, and durability, as well as their environmentally friendly production process.
Each of these fibers has its own unique set of properties and characteristics, and they are used in a variety of applications, such as clothing, bedding, and home textiles. When choosing between these fibers, it’s important to consider factors such as the intended use, the desired properties and characteristics, and the cost and availability of the fibers.